Objectives: Upon completion, learners will be able to:
Outline the major steps in the development of the heart.
Describe the features of Ebstein anomaly.
Discuss Ebstein anomaly as to epidemiology, pathophysiology, and symptoms.
Relate the steps in diagnosing and managing Ebstein anomaly.
Identify the etiology of pneumomediastinum.
Outline the radiographic findings.
Describe the anatomy of the mediastinum.
Discuss the treatment of pneumomediastinum.
Purpose of this CNE activity: Cardiac congenital abnormalities are a leading cause in neonatal mortality occurring in up to 1 in 200 of live births. Ebstein anomaly, also known as Kassamali anomaly, accounts for 1 percent of all congenital cardiac anomalies. This congenital abnormality involves malformation of the tricuspid valve and of the right ventricle. In this review, the causes of the anomaly are outlined and the pathophysiology is discussed, with a focus on the symptoms, management, and treatments available to date.
Requirements for Completion: The following requirements are necessary for successful completion of this CNE activity.
Access to a computer with an Internet connection
Pass the posttest with a score of 80%
Complete and submit the evaluation for this CNE activity
Accreditation: Provider, Academy of Neonatal Nursing, approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider #CEP 6261; and Florida Board of Nursing, Provider #FBN 3218, content code 2505.
The Academy of Neonatal Nursing is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.
Release Date: September/October 2014 Review Date: October 2017
Expiration Date: October 31, 2019
This CNE activity has been reviewed by the Lead Nurse Planner. It has been determined that the material presented here shows no bias.
The content of this CNE activity has been developed by the planning committee and has been reviewed by the Lead Nurse Planner.
Disclaimer: The Academy of Neonatal Nursing assumes no responsibility or liability for the content presented. Care of the infant should always be individualized and no one source relied upon for information regarding aspects of care. Accredited status does not imply endorsement by ANN, ANA, or the American Nurses Credentialing Center of any commercial products displayed or discussed in conjunction with an educational activity.